Favourable conditions for the Lesser Spotted Eagle – nesting and roosting

photo: D. Demerdzhiev

So far the main threats for the species on the European level include habitat changes, resulting from unsustainable forest management and agricultural practices, nest raiding and other types of human disturbance. For Bulgaria intensive forest management is still considered to be the most serious threat for the species, followed by agricultural activities in its feeding grounds, for example tilling or forestation of pastures. New threats have also been identified; these include wind turbines, solar parks on pastures, and forest fires.

The project team will measure to what extent each of the localized nests of the Lesser Spotted Eagle is vulnerable to the planned forest management activities and to other threats in the project territory. Forest management activities planned for forests with Lesser Spotted Eagle nests will be identified. In case the planned forest management activities affect the breeding or hunting grounds of the Lesser Spotted Eagle, the project team will develop and propose changes to the existing forest management plans.

In addition the project will create a mechanism to identify other threats for the species, such as threats associated with investment proposals in sectors like infrastructure, power engineering etc. BSPB will collect and analyze systematically information on investment proposals submitted to the regional Inspectorates of Environment and Water in Stara Zagora, Haskovo and Burgas, which could affect the forest habitats of the Lesser Spotted Eagle.