Biodiversity conservation in forests
Up to the present moment the methodology of decision-making in forest management used by the forest estates follows ten-year-long use plans based on forest taxation, which does not give sufficient information on biodiversity in the forests. The present project aims to put a new methodology to the test in the territories of four state forest/hunting enterprises during their regular 10-year inventory listing.
After the methodology is improved with the integration of elements important for biodiversity – such as tree species, quantity and quality of dead wood, presence of rare and endangered species, – it should be implemented on the entire territory of Bulgaria. Additional elements will be providing the information needed for appropriate decision-making for the sustainable management of forests. For example, in the breeding grounds of the Lesser Spotted Eagle it will be important to leave plots with old and mature trees reaching heights of minimum 12 m and an age of more than 80 years, particularly near the edge of the forest; logging should be prohibited within 200 m from trees with nests of birds of prey; logging should be prohibited in a belt of at least 100 m along river banks; forest management activities should be restricted in a radius of 500 m from existing nests of the Lesser Spotted Eagle in the breeding season; etc.